The symptoms of a Nipah virus infection are same as influenza. It causes symptoms like fever, muscle ache, drowsiness, slouching or disorientation, and mental confusion.
The signs can even lead to common within one or two days. The virus is also associated with encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle).
Once you are exposed to this virus, the incubation period ranges from 5 to 14 days. The symptoms are seen after 3-10 days.
A few of the people even suffer from respiratory illness with the onset of the infections. Generally, you will suffer from neurological and pulmonary signs with this infection.
How Is The Nipah Virus Transmitted?
The transmission of Nipah virus to humans may occur after direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people.
However, the human to human transmission started off recently. In the first outbreak in Malaysia and Singapore, the humans were infected with the virus via close contact with the infected pigs. No occurrence of human to human transmission was seen in the first outbreak.
Later in the second outbreak in Bangladesh and India, person-to-person transmission of Nipah virus was reported.
The infection was transmitted to the caregivers or family of the infected person and by consumption of raw date palm sap which was contaminated with the bat excretion.