According to a recent study of Hypertension, about one-third of India’s urban population and one-fourth of the rural population are hypertensive. Tapan Ghose, Director, Cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi has also conveyed that, high blood pressure can cause blood clots to form in the arteries leading to your brain, blocking blood flow and leading to lack of oxygen supply to the brain cells and tissues, potentially causing a stroke.
High blood pressure damages arteries all through the body, creating conditions where they can burst or clog more effortlessly. Weakened arteries in the brain, resulting from high blood pressure, put people at a much superior risk of stroke.
There are primarily two types of strokes — “ischemic stroke” which can happen due to decrease in blood supply to the brain, and “hemorrhagic stroke” that is due to bleeding in the brain. Gunjan Kapoor, Director, Interventional Cardiology Department, Jaypee Hospital, Noida has also conveyed that, high blood pressure is accountable for almost half the ischemic strokes that are also called brain attacks, akin to a heart attack. It also boost the chances of hemorrhagic strokes.
“It is one of the foremost causes for stroke that contributes over 50 per cent in blockages (ischemic stroke) and leads to bleeding in the brain. But early discovery of blood pressure and its management may lessen its complications and risk of death. B.K. Dubey, Director, Cardiologist, Venkateshwar Hospital, Dwarka, New Delhi has also conveyed that, decrease of only 5 mm mercury systolic blood pressure reduces incidence of stroke by nine per cent and coronary heart disease (CHD) by six per cent.
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but numerous factors and conditions may play a role in its development, such as smoking, lack of physical activity and too much salt in the diet, consumption of alcohol, stress, and genetic family history of high blood pressure. Symptoms for early recognition of high blood pressure comprise headache, chest discomfort, palpitations, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, nosebleeds and feeling numb or weak.
Hypertension in the bulk of patients is a lifestyle disease and needed aggressive lifestyle changes to manage the disease. Though, a subset of patients may be having secondary hypertension due to other reasons. Anil Kansal has also conveyed that, he best way to control high blood pressure is to diagnose it. Once diagnosed, the doctor may prescribe medicine, drugs, diet and exercise to help keep the blood pressure in control.
Making certain lifestyle changes can keep a check on your hypertension. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle, quit smoking and limit alcohol. Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables, cutting down on full-fat milk, cream and cheese, as well as fatty meat and takeaways may also help control hypertension. Exercise also plays a vital role to strengthen your cardiovascular health. It lessens hypertension and other heart-related issues to a great extent.